AT Command

THIS IS EXPERIMENTAL AND SUBJECT OF CHANGE

The at module supports sending AT commands and handling the responses. This module is useful for the devices controlled by AT command such as Wi-Fi, GSM, Bluetooth modules. Use require('at') to access this module.

Class: ATCommand

An instances of ATCommand represents a AT command handler. This class is a subclass of EventEmitter.

new ATCommand(uart[, options])

  • uart <UART> UART object where a device is connected which controlled by AT command.

  • options <object>

    • debug <boolean> Print all data received from UART if true.

Create a AT command handler.

Note that data received from uart is converted to an ASCII string (1 byte to 1 char) for easy manipulation.

// Create an UART instance
const {UART} = require('uart');
const serial = new UART(0, {baudrate: 115200, bufferSize: 4096});
// Create ATCommand instance
const {ATCommand} = require('at');
const at = new ATCommand(serial, {debug: true});
at.send('AT');
// ...

at.send(cmd[, cb[, waitFor[, options]])

  • cmd <string|Uint8Array> AT command (or data) to send. If Uint8Array type is given, it send as data.

  • cb <function(result:string)> Callback called when expected response is arrived.

    • result <string> Result status. One of array items of match parameter or 'TIMEOUT' or undefined.

  • waitFor <number|Array<string>> Indicates what is expected response of the AT command. If a number of given, waits for the given time in milliseconds. Default: ['OK', 'ERROR', 'FAIL']

  • options <object>

    • timeout <number> Timeout for waiting response. Default: 10000 (10 sec). When timeout, callback is called with 'TIMEOUT' for the second parameter.

    • sendAsData <boolean> If true, cmd is sent as data without appending '\r\n' in the end. Default: false.

Sends AT command and wait for expected response. If you didn't provide parameters other than cmd, it sends AT command and then process the next command in the queue without waiting for expected response.

at.send('AT+XXX'); // send AT command and do not wait for response

If you need to get response, provide callback and match parameters. If a number is given for match parameter, callback is called with the response just after waiting response for the given number of time (milliseconds).

at.send('AT+XXX', () => {
console.log();
}, 1000); // wait 1 sec for response

If an array of string is given for the match parameter, callback is called with the response and the matched item in the match parameter when there is a line matched with the match parameter in the response buffer.

at.send('AT+XXX', (r) => {
if (r === 'OK') {
console.log('DONE');
} else {
console.error('ERROR');
}
}, ['OK', 'ERROR', 'FAIL']);

at.addHandler(match, handler)

  • match <string> A match string.

  • handler <Function> Handler function.

    • line <string> The matched line.

    • buffer <string> The response buffer.

Add a handler. If there is a line starts with the match parameter in the response buffer, the handler function will be called. The data from start to the matched line are removed from the response buffer. If you want to keep the response buffer without any changes, then just return false.

at.addHandler('WIFI DISCONNECTED', (line) => {
console.log('Wifi disconnected');
});

If the handler is not enough to handle just the matched line, you can manipulate the entire response buffer by returning the handled data.

// Handle +IPD response of ESP8266
// e.g.) "+IPD,11:Hello,World"
at.addHandler('+IPD,', (line, buffer) => {
if (...) { // if received all data in buffer
var data = buffer.substr(...);
var remained = buffer.substr(...);
return remained;
}
return false; // if not received all data in buffer
});

at.removeHandler(match)

  • match {string}

Remove a line handler.

at.addLineHandler('WIFI DISCONNECTED', (line) => {
console.log('Wifi disconnected');
});
at.removeLineHandler('WIFI DISCONNECTED');

at.buffer

  • {string}

Response buffer for the responses of AT commands.